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From:Peter Brawley Date:February 21 2006 7:42pm
Subject:Re: Different result with subquery
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RAND() gives a roughly rectangular distribution, not a normal 
distribution, so samples of fewer than 100 or so values from it are 
likely to show large but statistically _insignificant_ differences.  In 
larger samples, I don't see any tendency of RAND() to produce more 
values near its mean (.5) than near its limits (0,1). You can check this 
yourself by populating a table with RAND() values then running a simple 
crosstab query eg

  SUM(IF(r<0.1,1,0)) AS P1,
  SUM(IF(r>=0.1 AND r<0.2,1,0)) AS P2,
  SUM(IF(r>=0.2 AND r<0.3,1,0)) AS P3,
  SUM(IF(r>=0.3 AND r<0.4,1,0)) AS P4,
  SUM(IF(r>=0.4 AND r<0.5,1,0)) AS P5,
  SUM(IF(r>=0.5 AND r<0.6,1,0)) AS P6,
  SUM(IF(r>=0.6 AND r<0.7,1,0)) AS P7,
  SUM(IF(r>=0.7 AND r<0.8,1,0)) AS P8,
  SUM(IF(r>=0.8 AND r<0.9,1,0)) AS P9,
  SUM(IF(r>=0.9 AND r<1.0,1,0)) AS P10
FROM randresults;



neroux wrote:
> Hello,
> I am having a table with an integer column which I use for probability
> calculations (the higher a value the more often it is chosen).
> Now I am having the following query, which should actually incorporate
> these probabilities, however it seems to prefer values from the middle
> range
>   SELECT * FROM table WHERE field>=(SELECT RAND()*MAX(field) FROM
> table) ORDER BY field LIMIT 1
> If I split it up it still seems to prefer mid-range values over values
> closer to the higher end, however it doesnt "completely" ignore the
> highest value anymore.
>   random_value = SELECT RAND()*MAX(field) FROM table;
>   SELECT * FROM table WHERE field>=random_value ORDER BY field LIMIT 1
> Does anyone have an explanation for that or a better solution? Thanks
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Different result with subqueryneroux21 Feb
  • Re: Different result with subqueryPeter Brawley21 Feb
    • Re: Different result with subqueryneroux22 Feb