To go along with what Rick is saying, this link might help you:
I remember doing a bunch of converting HEX() control characters (such as an apostrophe
copied from a Word document) before attempting the SET NAMES.
On Sep 24, 2012, at 7:53 PM, Rick James wrote:
> If you have a mixture of encodings, you are in deep doodoo.
> This page describes some debugging techniques and some issues:
> That apostrophe might be MicroSquish's "smart quote".
> Can you provide SELECT HEX(the_field) FROM... ? We (or the above page) might be able
> to interpret the character.
> To prevent future char set issues, you must know what encoding the source is. Then,
> with SET NAMES (etc), you tell mysqld that the bytes you have in hand are encoded that
> way. mysqld will then convert those bytes to the character set of declared for the column
> they go in. (Presumably, all the text columns will be declared utf8 or utf8mb4.)
>> -----Original Message-----
>> From: Mark Phillips [mailto:mark@stripped]
>> Sent: Monday, September 24, 2012 4:28 PM
>> To: Mysql List
>> Subject: Need Help Converting Character Sets
>> I have a table, Articles, of news articles (in English) with three text
>> columns for the intro, body, and caption. The data came from a web
>> page, and the content was cut and pasted from other sources. I am
>> finding that there are some non utf-8 characters in these three text
>> columns. I would like to (1) convert these text fields to be strict
>> utf-8 and then (2) fix the input page to keep all new submissions utf-
>> 91) For the first step, fixing the current database, I tried:
>> update Articles set body = CONVERT(body USING ASCII);
>> However, when I checked one of the articles I found an apostrophe had
>> been converted into a question mark. (FWIW, the apostrophe was one of
>> those offending non utf-8 characters):
>> Before conversion: "I stepped into the observatory's control room ..."
>> After conversion: "I stepped into the observatory?s control room..."
>> Is there a better way to accomplish my first goal, without reading each
>> article and manually making the changes?
>> (2) For the second goal, insuring that all future articles are utf-8,
>> do I need to change the table structure or the insert query to insure I
>> get the correct utf-8 characters into the database?
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