List: General Discussion « Previous MessageNext Message » From: Michael Stassen Date: October 24 2005 1:55pm Subject: Re: sum of time? View as plain text
```Martijn Tonies wrote:
>>>I have a table doing time tracking.  I don't use timestamps, I use
>>>datetime fields to record punch in times and punch out times.  I
>>>have this query that computes the amount of time between a punch in
>>>and punch out:
>>>
>>>select SEC_to_time(unix_timestamp(TTendTime) -
>>
>>unix_timestamp(TTstartTime))
>>
>>>as endtime
>>>FROM TimeTracking
>>>WHERE TTperson = 1
>>>    and date(TTstartTime) = '2005-10-19'
>>>
>>>And this works great except for when people punch in and out several
>>>times in one day.  Is there any way I can total a number of records
>>>into one total time?  In this example case, I am TTperson #1 and I
>>>punched in and out five times this day.
>>>
>>>I know I can do it in the code, but if I can do it in sql, life
>>>would be better for me.
>>>
>>>--ja
>>>
>>>--
>>
>>Let's do some basic algebra:
>>
>>et = end time
>>st = start time
>>
>>Total time = (et1 - st1) + (et2 - st2) + ... + (etN - stN)
>>Where N = how many clock-ins and clock outs they had.
>>
>>We can rewrite this as
>>
>>TT = et1 - st1 + et2 - st2 + ... etN - stN
>>        = et1 + et2 + ... etN - st1 - st2 - ... - stN
>>        = et1 + et2 + ... etN - (st1 + st2 + ... + stN)
>>        = SUM(et(1..N))-SUM(st(1..n))
>>
>>This translated to SQL as:
>>
>>select SEC_to_time(SUM(unix_timestamp(TTendTime)) -
>>SUM(unix_timestamp(TTstartTime)))
>>as endtime
>>FROM TimeTracking
>>WHERE TTperson = 1
>>    and date(TTstartTime) = '2005-10-19'
>
> Won't this fail if it overflows 24 hours?
>
> Given that the result of SEC_TO_TIME seems to be a valid "time value",
> which "duration" is not?
>
> eg: a duration can be 25 hours long, while a TIME value cannot.

First, it is hard to imagine how that would happen given the OP's situation.

Second, no, it won't overflow:

mysql> SELECT SEC_TO_TIME(60*60*24*5);
+-------------------------+
| SEC_TO_TIME(60*60*24*5) |
+-------------------------+
| 120:00:00               |
+-------------------------+
1 row in set (0.00 sec)

mysql> SELECT SEC_TO_TIME(60*60*24*50);
+--------------------------+
| SEC_TO_TIME(60*60*24*50) |
+--------------------------+
| 1200:00:00               |
+--------------------------+
1 row in set (0.00 sec)

SEC_TO_TIME() is not limited to 24 hours.

Michael
```
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• Re: sum of time?Martijn Tonies24 Oct
• Re: sum of time?Michael Stassen24 Oct
• Re: sum of time?Michael Stassen24 Oct
• Re: sum of time?Martijn Tonies24 Oct
• Re: sum of time?Martijn Tonies24 Oct
• Re: sum of time?SGreen24 Oct
• Re: sum of time?jabbott24 Oct