At 16:43 -0700 9/23/02, Jan Steinman wrote:
> >From: "Moestl, Wolfgang" <Wolfgang.Moestl@stripped>
>>Is there a defined behaviour for handling the case-sensitivety for
>>user- and hostnames?
>According to the specification for the Domain Name System (DNS),
>Internet hostnames are always supposed to be case-insensitive.
>Since other entities in MySQL are case-sensitive, this may seem
>inconsistent, but it is imposed by international standards. It is
>NOT under the control of MySQL.
>>To get it even more confusing, the values for user and host at the
>>SHOW GRANTS FOR [user]@[host] are BOTH FULLY case-sensitive.
>If verified, this is a bug. DNS-based hostnames should NEVER be
MySQL behaves like this:
Usernames, passwords, and database and table names are case sensitive in
grant table entries.
Hostnames and column names are not.
>The fact that you observed this using the "magic" hostname
>"localhost" may indicate that MySQL is "cheating" by doing its own
>management of this unique name. Any other fully qualified domain
>name should go through your operating system's address resolver, and
>had better be case-insensitive!
"localhost" is indeed interpreted specially in MySQL. On UNIX, it means
"connect using the UNIX domain socket rather than TCP/IP". So in this
case, DNS is not involved.
In any case, I do not observe a difference between setting up
user accounts using host 'localhost' versus 'LOCALHOST'.
I *do* observe case sensitive hostname behavior for SHOW GRANTS.
This should not be. I'll ask about it.
>On UNIX and clones: "nslookup localhost" "nslookup Localhost" and
>"nslookup LoCaLhOsT" all answer the same IP.
>If case-insensitivity with "localhost" is important, you might just
>map some other name to your machine and use that instead. This is
>also a good policy in case you later want to move your database to
>its own machine. For example, I have "data" defined as a CNAME in
>DNS for the machine I'd normally refer to as "localhost." It seems
>to work -- as it should -- if I call it "data", "Data", "dATA", etc.
>: Jan Steinman -- nature photography: <http://www.Bytesmiths.com>
>: Bytesmiths -- artists' services: <http://www.Bytesmiths.com/Services>
>: Join the forums at <http://www.Bytesmiths.com/wiki>